The black war - Tasmania
- In the early nineteenth century the black war refers to the period of conflict between British colonists and Tasmania.
- The black war started in 1804 and its located two hundred miles off Australia's southeast coast.
- Tasmania is an island slightly larger in size than West Virginia.
- The black family in Tasmania was a highly organized one, its form and substance directed by custom.
- The Tasmania's made only a few types of simple stone and wooden tools.
- Between 1803 and 1830 the black aborigines of Tasmania were reduced from an estimated five thousand people to less than seventy five.
- Aboriginal people have been living in Tasmania for at least thirty five thousand years.
- The black aborigines of Tasmania were marked by tightly curled hair with skin complexions ranging from black to reddish brown.
- Tasmania was established as a British convict settlement in 1803.
- The black war was between 1828 and 1832.
1799 - Beginning of a six-year period of resistance to white settlement by Aboriginal people in the Hawkesbury and Parramatta areas. Known as the ‘Black Wars’.
1801 - Governor King orders Aboriginal people gathering around Parramatta, Georges River and Prospect Hill “to be driven back from the settler’s habitation by firing at them”.
1803 - Tasmania is occupied by white people. The Black Wars of Tasmania last until 1830.
1810 - Aboriginal people begin to be moved onto mission stations where they can be taught European beliefs and used as cheap labor. Settlers try to control growth of the Aboriginal population with a policy of absorption.
1830 - Aboriginal people in Tasmania are forcibly removed and settled on Flinders Island. The living conditions lead to many deaths. Later the community is moved to Cape Barren Island.
1841 - 30 Aboriginal people massacred at Rufus River in New South Wales, close to the boundaries with Victoria and South Australia.
1861 - Aboriginal people kill 19 settlers near Emerald, Queensland. About 170 Aboriginal people are killed in reprisal.
1881 - A Protector of Aborigines is appointed in NSW. He has the power to create reserves and to force Aboriginal people to live there.
1897 - Jandamarra, Kimberley’s resistance fighter, is shot and 19 former Aboriginal prisoners, whom he had freed and were fighting with him, are also shot and killed.
1899 - Jandamarra, Kimberley’s resistance fighter, is shot and 19 former Aboriginal prisoners, whom he had freed and were fighting with him, are also shot and killed.